There are various types of soil which differ in physical & chemical compositions, like sand, silt, clay, loam, peat etc. Although the primary use of soil in our nature is to support plants or vegetation, but for all construction related activities like buildings, dams, tunnels, etc. soil is an indispensable ingredient and knowledge of its properties determine its suitability for a particular purpose. The various tests on soil can be broadly categorized into few types :
Classification Tests , which provide information about the general soil characteristics as well as the mechanical properties like strength, size-grading, permeability etc. These tests help to classify soil samples into various different types.
Normal Tests: Atterberg limits, California bearing ratio, Direct shear test, Proctor compaction test, R-value, Sieve analysis, Triaxial shear test , Water content tests
Tests To Determine Engineering Properties , which evaluate the usefulness or suitability of a particular soil specimen for a construction related work.
Elite Testing Lab Pvt Ltd. has a vast & rich experience when it comes to conducting various tests on soil and also carrying out soil investigation studies.
Soil Special Tests : Standard Penetration Test (SPT)